Energy and sustainable development in Nigeria: the way

Jul 23, 2012 · Access to clean modern energy services is an enormous challenge facing the African continent because energy is fundamental for socioeconomic development and poverty eradication. Today, 60% to 70% of the Nigerian population does not have access to electricity. There is no doubt that the present power crisis afflicting Nigeria will persist unless the government diversifies the energy

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What drives innovation? Evidence from economic history

Oct 01, 2017 · A significant role was also played by the 1970's energy crisis in intensifying the search for energy saving products, alternative fuels and attempts to reduce oil-dependency. However, no small part of the creative response to environmental problems is attributable to the environmental legislation (1969) and energy policies introduced during the

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Waste heat recovery technologies and applications

Jun 01, 2018 · 2. Waste heat recovery systems. Waste heat recovery methods include capturing and transferring the waste heat from a process with a gas or liquid back to the system as an extra energy source .The energy source can be used to create additional heat or to generate electrical and mechanical power .. Waste heat can be rejected at any temperature; conventionally, the higher the temperature, the

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Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry

May 15, 2020 · Another option is to use electric boilers coupled with renewable power sources, though as noted in Section 4.2, boilers that burn thermal fuel are highly efficient, so energy costs of electric boilers are likely to be higher (absent policy such as a carbon price, and excepting systems where steam itself is used inefficiently).

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Climate change mitigation - Wikipedia

Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit global warming and its related effects.This involves reductions in human emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) as well as activities that reduce their concentration in the atmosphere.. Fossil fuel combustion accounts for 89% of all CO 2 emissions and 68% of all GHG emissions. The most important challenge is to eliminate the use of coal, oil

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Efficient energy use - Wikipedia

Modern appliances, such as, freezers, ovens, stoves, dishwashers, clothes washers and dryers, use significantly less energy than older appliances.Installing a clothesline will significantly reduce one's energy consumption as their dryer will be used less. Current energy-efficient refrigerators, for example, use 40 percent less energy than conventional models did in 2001.

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Nitrogen Syngas 2021 - crugroup.com

Case Study: High energy efficiency methanol stripping with MVR technology With an annual production of over 100 million tons, methanol is currently one of the most important basic chemicals worldwide. About 85% of it is used as starting material for synthetic products or as a solvent. The rest is used in the energy sector as fuel or a fuel

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Waste to bioenergy: a review on the recent conversion

May 16, 2019 · Scientific studies have demonstrated that it is possible to generate a wide variety of bioenergy from biomass residues and waste, and however its cost is not competitive with petro-fuels and other renewable energy. On-going efforts are continued extensively to improve conversion technologies in order to reduce production costs. The present review focuses on the conversion technologies for

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Miscanthus x giganteus - Wikipedia

Miscanthus × giganteus, the giant miscanthus, is a sterile hybrid of Miscanthus sinensis and Miscanthus sacchariflorus. It is a perennial grass with bamboo-like stems that can grow to heights of more than 4 metres (13 ft) in one season (from the third season onwards). Just like Pennisetum purpureum, Arundo donax and Saccharum ravennae, it is also called elephant grass.

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