Carbon capture and storage (CCS): the way forward - Energy

The industrial sector with the largest CO 2 emissions is the iron and steel industry, accounting for 31% of all industrial emissions. 123 Steel production generates high levels of CO 2 emissions due to: (i) being energy intensive, (ii) the dependence on using coal, and (iii) the significant volumes of steel being manufactured. 118 The two main

Learn More

Taking Advantage of Waste Heat Resource from Vinasses for

Apr 29, 2021 · Vinasses are not only an easily biodegradable substrate but also a heat energy resource. In this study, the energy balance and kinetic model of anaerobic co-digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS) with vinasses have been investigated in semicontinuous reactor experiments at 55 °C. Herein, the maximum energy balance value, the ratio of energy to mass, and the kinetic constants μmax and K of

Learn More

EUR-Lex - 32018L2001 - EN - EUR-Lex

(3) The increased use of energy from renewable sources also has a fundamental part to play in promoting the security of energy supply, sustainable energy at affordable prices, technological development and innovation as well as technological and industrial leadership while providing environmental, social and health benefits as well as major opportunities for employment and regional development

Learn More

Historical Review on VTT Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil Production

Mar 17, 2021 · The review summarizes VTT fast pyrolysis development efforts from the past 40 years. The experimental work has included a large variety of feedstocks (biomasses, wastes, oil shale, and plastic residues) and a variety of products (heating oils, refinery feeds, transportation fuels, and chemicals). As a result of the constant turbulence on fossil oil prices and changing regulatory

Learn More

Nordisk Ministerråd - nordicenergyresearch2021-02

In the Base scenario, large-scale heat pumps account for up to 54% and biomass-based production plants account for 33% in 2050. Natural gas use is expected to decline steadily from 7.9 TWh in 2020 to 1.4 TWh in 2050. In the Grid Tariffs scenario, the least amount of

Learn More

EUR-Lex - 32018L2001 - EN - EUR-Lex

(3) The increased use of energy from renewable sources also has a fundamental part to play in promoting the security of energy supply, sustainable energy at affordable prices, technological development and innovation as well as technological and industrial leadership while providing environmental, social and health benefits as well as major opportunities for employment and regional development

Learn More

Thermal expansion - Wikipedia

Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change its shape, area, volume, and density in response to a change in temperature, usually not including phase transitions.. Temperature is a monotonic function of the average molecular kinetic energy of a substance. When a substance is heated, molecules begin to vibrate and move more, usually creating more distance between themselves.

Learn More

School of Engineering < The University of Kansas

A review of the methods of industrial water treatment and the fundamentals of industrial water pollution control. Topics include: water budgets, cooling tower and boiler treatment, corrosion control, government regulations, wastewater characterization, waste minimization, pilot plants, pretreatment, final treatment, and site selection.

Learn More

Waste heat recovery technologies and applications

Jun 01, 2018 · It is estimated that the UK industrial sector consumes as much as 17% of the overall UK economys energy consumption and generates about 32% of the UKs heat-related CO 2 emissions. From this value and as can be seen from Fig. 1, 72% of the UK industrial demand is from industrial thermal processes of which 31% is classified as low temperature process heat and almost 20% of that or 40

Learn More