Fluidized bed combustion - Wikipedia

Fluidized bed combustion (FBC) is a combustion technology used to burn solid fuels.. In its most basic form, fuel particles are suspended in a hot, bubbling fluidity bed of ash and other particulate materials (sand, limestone etc.) through which jets of air are blown

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Biomass for Electricity Generation | WBDG - Whole Building

Sep 15, 2016 · Boiler fuel can include wood chips, pellets, sawdust, or bio-oil. Steam from the boiler is then expanded through a steam turbine, which spins to run a generator and produce electricity. In general, all biomass systems require fuel storage space and some type of fuel handling equipment and controls.

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EUR-Lex - 32017D1442 - EN - EUR-Lex

Aug 17, 2017 · Dinitrogen monoxide (nitrous oxide) NH 3. Ammonia. Ni. The sum of nickel and its compounds, expressed as Ni. NO X. The sum of nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2), expressed as NO 2. Pb. The sum of lead and its compounds, expressed as Pb. PCDD/F. Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and -furans. RCG. Raw concentration in the flue-gas.

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Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulation

Attribution of emissions for reporting purposes. 3 (1) Emissions are attributable for a reporting period, for the purpose of section 3 [emission reports] of the Act, to an industrial operation that is a single facility operation if, during the reporting period, (a) the operation carries out an activity listed in column 2 of Table 1 of Schedule A, (b) the operation emits a greenhouse gas from a

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The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia | IntechOpen

Apr 30, 2013 · 2. Oil palm industry. Traditionally the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) was grown in semi-wild groves in tropical Africa. It was first introduced to Malaysia for planting in the Botanical Gardens in Singapore in 1870 [].Germination takes around 3 months, after which the seedlings are planted in small plastic bags where they are left in a so-called pre-nursery for several months.

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Internal combustion engine - Wikipedia

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine in which the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine.

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Biomass Conversion Technologies - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2018 · Biomass can be converted into several useful forms of energy using different processes. Fig. 8.1 portrays a number of different biomass (to bioenergy) conversion pathways. Various factors affect the choice of conversion process; these can include: the type, quantity, and characteristics of biomass feedstock, the desired form of the energy or end-use requirements, environmental standards

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Civil Cases and Settlements | Enforcement | US EPA

Mar 08, 2016 · Under the settlement, Detroit Diesel will spend $14.5 million on projects to reduce nitrogen oxide and other pollutants, including replacing high-polluting diesel school buses and locomotive engines with models that meet current emissions standards. Detroit Diesel will also pay a $14 million civil penalty. Consent Decree 10/06/2016

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Influence of Ashing Temperature on Predicting Slagging

Mar 26, 2021 · It is crucial to accurately evaluate the slagging characteristics of coal before industrial application. However, when evaluating the Xinjiang high-sodium low-rank coal (XJc) according to the properties of the ash prepared at 815 °C, the ashing temperature of the coal sample specified by Chinese standards, forecasting failures are frequent. To figure out the internal reason, the influence of

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Miscanthus x giganteus - Wikipedia

Miscanthus × giganteus, the giant miscanthus, is a sterile hybrid of Miscanthus sinensis and Miscanthus sacchariflorus. It is a perennial grass with bamboo-like stems that can grow to heights of more than 4 metres (13 ft) in one season (from the third season onwards). Just like Pennisetum purpureum, Arundo donax and Saccharum ravennae, it is also called elephant grass.

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