Glossary of Oil Industry Terms | OPIS

The removal of sulfur, as from molten metals, petroleum oil, or flue gases. Petroleum desulfurization is a process that removes sulfur and its compounds from various streams during the refining process. Desulfurization processes include catalytic hydrotreating and

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(PDF) Combustion Engineering, Second - Kenneth W. Ragland

Combustion Engineering, Second - Kenneth W. Ragland (1) (1) Raphael Antwi. Download PDF

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ACS Symposium Series (ACS Publications)

The optimization of the process revealed that it is possible to transform up to 27% of the original biomass into a phenol-rich (47%) bio-oil with a relatively high HHV (20 MJ kg-1) using a temp. as low as 250 °C, at 80 bar, and employing 0.25 g catalyst/g biomass for 1.9 h.

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These pneumatic troubleshooting charts cover many common

Air Valves Source/Symptom: Low voltage problems. Applying low voltage to an AC solenoid valve will cause the solenoid coil to draw high inrush current continuously and burn out, because there won't be enough magnetic force to seat the armature of the valve.

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Flue Gas - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The results show that the desulfurization process of evaporation of water with the flue gas flow rate increases, the flue gas flow rate, water evaporation increases with flue gas inlet temperature increased significantly, therefore in flue gas desulfurization absorption tower set before the membrane module was carried out on the water and flue gas waste heat recovery is necessary, it can

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Oxyfuel Combustion - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Oxy-fuel combustion, in short, is carrying out the combustion process with the removal of nitrogen from the oxidizer. The percentage of oxygen in the oxidizer is higher than air (21%). Generally, oxy-fuel combustion recycles flue gas to achieve a lower flame temperature, which makes it a highly efficient energy-saving combustion technology.

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Thermal power station - Wikipedia

The energy efficiency of a conventional thermal power station is defined as saleable energy produced as a percent of the heating value of the fuel consumed. A simple cycle gas turbine achieves energy conversion efficiencies from 20 to 35%. Typical coal-based power plants operating at steam pressures of 170 bar and 570 °C run at efficiency of 35 to 38%, with state-of-the-art fossil fuel plants

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Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

C. C/gal: Cents per gallon C 4 H: A mixture of light hydrocarbons that have the general formula C 4 H n, where n is the number of hydrogen atoms per molecule.Examples include butane (C 4 H 10) and butylene (C 4 H 8).. CAFE: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Calcination: A process in which a material is heated to a high temperature without fusing, so that hydrates, carbonates, or other compounds

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Blast furnace - Wikipedia

A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper. Blast refers to the combustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure.. In a blast furnace, fuel (), ores, and flux are continuously supplied through the top of the furnace, while a hot blast of air (sometimes with

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Incinerator - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

James G. Speight, in The Refinery of the Future (Second Edition), 2020 11.3.5.1 Types of incinerators. The incinerator is, simply, a furnace for burning refuse and modern incinerators include pollution mitigation equipment such as flue-gas cleaning. There are various types of incinerator plant design: (1) simple incinerator, (2) fixed or moving grate incinerator, (3) rotary kiln incinerator

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